Tuesday, July 22

Sexual Minorities & HIV Status
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  Nigeria Individual Documents since 2004
  Nigeria- LGBT Asylees Win Life in U.S. After Persecution Abroad - by SUSAN DONALDSON JAMES- abcnews.go.com, 11/21/12- http://abcnews.go.com/Health/lgbt-asylum-seekers-win-life-us-persecution-abroad/story? id=17771193#.UK0LIWk5zC8
The Nigerian Senate has passed a bill that criminalizes homosexuality, forcing even families to report their loved ones if they are in same-sex relationships. Its House of Representatives will soon vote on it.

"It has huge implications," said Oliver, who is now 26 and living in the Queens section of New York City. "It will actually make families torn apart and open the doors to persecution of those even perceived to be gay."

Under the proposed criminal code, Oliver could be sent to jail for 14 years. If enacted, the law would also penalize any organization that provides services to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender citizens.

Oliver is one of 102 LGBT applicants to win that status in the United States, thanks to the pro bono work of Immigration Equality. They come countries like Jamaica (31) to El Salvador (6) to Russia (7).

The situation is particularly dire for these people, who are subject to false arrest, loss of employment, extortion, attacks and sometimes death.

(PDF - 59 KB) Document Date: 31 Dec 2011
  Nigeria Senate approves bill banning gay marriage, groups in Africa?s most populous nation- By Associated Press, http://www.washingtonpost.com, 11/29/11: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/nigeria-senate-approves-bill-banning-gay-marriage-in-africas-most-populous-nation/2011/11/29/gIQA5yc87N_print.html
LAGOS, Nigeria ? Nigeria?s Senate voted Tuesday to criminalize gay marriage, gay advocacy groups and same-sex public displays of affection, the latest legislation targeting a minority already facing discrimination in Africa?s most populous nation.

The bill, now much more wide-ranging than its initial draft, must be passed by Nigeria?s House of Representatives and signed by President Goodluck Jonathan before becoming law. However, public opinion and lawmakers? calls Tuesday for even harsher penalties show the widespread support for the measure in the deeply religious nation.

?Such elements in society should be killed,? said Sen. Baba-Ahmed Yusuf Datti of the opposition party Congress for Progressive Change, drawing some murmurs of support from the gallery.

Gay sex has been banned in Nigeria, a nation of more than 160 million people, since colonial rule by the British. Gays and lesbians face open discrimination and abuse in a country divided by Christians and Muslims who almost uniformly oppose homosexuality. In the areas in Nigeria?s north where Islamic Shariah law has been enforced for about a decade, gays and lesbians can face death by stoning.

(PDF - 103 KB) Document Date: 29 Nov 2011
  Nigeria moves to ban, criminalize gay marriage - By YINKA IBUKUN, Associated Press, 11/22/11: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iMWCBhHouMX-R-l0cD_GXv3J4JBQ?docId=14554e97227248bc8f805d60f788450a
LAGOS, Nigeria (AP) ? When a gang of men ambushed Rashidi Williams and a male friend earlier this year, the 25-year-old gay Nigerian was too afraid to report the attack to police or even to his family.

Doing so would only create more problems, he says, in this country where legislators are now seeking to criminalize gay marriage.

Here in the megacity of Africa's most populous nation, Williams says marriage though is the last thing on the minds of many gay and lesbian Nigerians who fear physical danger in this conservative country.

"I took myself to the hospital but couldn't say why I had been beaten up because that would have started another set of discrimination for me," said Williams, who hurt his shoulder blade in the attack. "These things are so underreported in Nigeria. It doesn't mean they don't exist ... People are getting killed."

(PDF - 148 KB) Document Date: 22 Nov 2011
  Nigerian newspaper warns gay asylum seeker that 'jungle justice' awaits if UK returns him next Wednesday - by Paul Canning on 04/14/11: http://madikazemi.blogspot.com/2011/04/nigerian-newspaper-warns-gayasylum. html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+SaveMehdiKazemi+%28LGBT+asylum+news%29
A gay asylum seeker, Uche Nnabuife, which the UK plans to remove Wednesday 20 April has been directly threatened with death according to an article in a Nigerian newspaper.

The newspaper 'National Times' is published in Makurdi, capital of Benue State in Northcentral Nigeria, but circulates nationally. According to Rev Rowland Jide Macauley, a gay Nigerian priest and activist based in London but who travels to Nigeria, the threat "will circulate".

The article said that Nnabuife would be subjected to "jungle justice" if returned and "his body would not be found." It claimed that a movement existed against the return of gay Nigerians headed by Toyin Adelaja. It said that "homosexuality is abhorred by the Nigerian populace and there is no law protecting those who practice it."

(PDF - 138 KB) Document Date: 14 Apr 2011
  Nigeria: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 2010 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices- 04/08/11: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/af/154363.htm
Societal Abuses, Discrimination, and Acts of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Homosexual activity is illegal under federal law, and homosexual practices are punishable by prison sentences of up to 14 years. In the 12 northern states that have adopted Sharia law, adults convicted of engaging in homosexual activity may be subject to execution by stoning, although no such sentences have been imposed.

Because of widespread taboos against homosexual activity, very few persons openly demonstrated such conduct. There were no public gay pride marches. The NGOs Global Rights and The Independent Project provided lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) groups with legal advice and training in advocacy, media responsibility, and HIV/AIDS awareness. The government or its agents did not impede the work of these groups during the year.

No action was taken against persons who in 2008 stoned and beat members of the House of Rainbow Metropolitan Community Church, an LGBT-friendly church in Lagos. The attacks occurred after four newspapers published photographs, names, and addresses of church members.

As of year's end the trial of 18 men, originally charged in 2008 with sodomy and subsequently charged with vagrancy, had been postponed multiple times. All defendants were able to post bail, set at 20,000 naira ($133), and were released. No resolution of the case was announced by year's end.

(PDF - 228 KB) Document Date: 8 Apr 2011
  Nigerian community 'will stone to death' gays - By African Activist on 01/05/11: http://madikazemi.blogspot.com/2011/01/nigerian-community-will-stone-to-death.html
Nigeria's Ebem Ohafia community in the Ohafia Council Area of Abia has placed a total ban on homosexuality warning that those involved will be ostracised, no matter their status.

The traditional ruler of the community, Eze Ukoha Kalu, announced that the community would stone to death any confirmed homosexual in Ebem. The Nigerian Observer reports:

This was one of the resolutions made in Ohafia in Abia by the generality of the people, who had gathered at their 'Abum' village square to celebrate their 2010 Cultural Carnival.

(PDF - 84 KB) Document Date: 5 Jan 2011
  Nigerian gay man Uche Nanbuife faces deportation from Britain - by LGBT Asylum News on 11/27/10: http://us1.campaign-archive1.com/?u=40ba905ad7640a17cdeb81c96&id=099fcc48b0&e=bc282d5c4f
"Uche Nnabuife is a 33-year old Christian Nigerian national who has been detained at Haslar Immigration and Removal Centre, since November 2009. He has received removal directions for 6 December on flight KL1000 at 6:35am from Heathrow Terminal 4, continuing on KL587 at 11:20am to Lagos. He is gay and is afraid of being killed if he returns to Nigeria.

In 1990 he was discovered with another man and was strung up, badly beaten, burnt and abused leading to several weeks in hospital. He saved money to leave the country, working as a male prostitute, where the property that he was living with was attacked. Fearing for his life, Uche arrived in the UK in 2005 and his application for leave to remain has been rejected."

(PDF - 264 KB) Document Date: 27 Nov 2010
  Gay Nigerian activist Bisi Alimi shares his compelling story - by LGBT Asylum News on 08/10/10: http://sdgln.com/news/2010/08/10/bisi-alimis-gay-nigerian-story
"Homosexual activity is illegal in Nigeria, the conservative influences of the Muslim faith in the north and a large Christian presence in the south. It is punishable by death by stoning in all 12 states, or being sentenced up to 14 years of imprisonment. There is no legal protection against discrimination for LGBT Nigerians. Very few are out, and violence against those in the LGBT community is frequent. Legislation is pending to criminalize same-sex marriage throughout Nigeria.

Alimi was expelled from university in 2004, before he was able to receive his degree. Later that year, he was selected to be the Nigerian face of homosexuality at the fourth National Conference on HIV/AIDS in Abuja. Also that year, he was brought onto Funmi Iyanda's New Dawn talk show on the Nigerian Television Authority and it was here that he publicly came out before the nation and asked for acceptance from the public. Almost immediately, there were repercussions for both Alimi and the interviewer. Almini received both love letters and death threats, and lost his home and his job. The New Dawn talk show's Friday edition was canceled and further interviewees on the show were were screened by the NTA in a country where censorship against homosexuality is already tight."

(PDF - 104 KB) Document Date: 10 Aug 2010
  Nigeria : She Sacked Me Because I'm A Lesbian - By Michael Uchebuaku, Saturday Magazine, 06/26/10 : http://ww2.guardiannewsngr.com/index.php?view=article&ca
The following Monday, at the office, she called me privately into her office for a talk. She gave me a long talk on moral values and concluded by saying that she didn't want a Sxxual pervert in her company. She said I had to leave because I was leading her daughter astray, and handed me a sack letter. I wept and begged her to forgive me but she refused. That was how I lost my last job, just because I?m a lesbian.
(PDF - 176 KB) Document Date: 26 Jun 2010
  HIV/AIDS AND WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION IN NIGERIA: PREJUDICE, STIGMATIZATION AND LEGAL SHENANIGANS?- A brief paper within the framework of the sub theme ?Labour and Fundamental Human Rights: Is ?Discrimination Law? Doing the Job it is Supposed to Do??, as part of the general theme of the International Association of Law Schools (IALS) Conference on ?Labour Law and Labour Markets in the New World Economy?, scheduled for Milan, Italy, from May 20-22, 2010: www.ialsnet.org/meetings/labour/papers/Dakas-Nigeria.pdf
Workplace discrimination in Nigeria on the basis of HIV/AIDS status raises troubling issues that are steeped in prejudice, stigmatization and legal shenanigans. This paper briefly explores these challenges and, drawing insights from South African jurisprudence, charts a course of action consistent with the imperative of bolstering the framework for the prohibition of discrimination, especially in the context of labour relations, against people living with HIV/AIDS.
(PDF - 35 KB) Document Date: 20 May 2010
  LEGISLATION IMPEDIMENT ON HIV PROGRAMMING TARGETING SAME-SEX SEXUAL PRACTICING PERSONS IN NIGERIA - by Joseph Sewedo Akoro, Adedamola Ipadeola, Dennis Akpona and Efe Brown Ohwerhi on 05/03/10
"Issues: Same-sex sexual practices are criminalized in Nigeria by virtue of Section 214 of the Federal Criminal code, punishable by 14 years imprisonment. In Nigeria today, HIV/AIDS programming targeted at same-sex practicing individuals is limited and faces gross challenges from the law that criminalizes same-sex relationship even when they are between consenting adults."

"Description: The Independent Project (TIP) for Equal Rights as an organization with a mandate to advocate for the rights of sexual minorities in Nigeria conducts an assessment of the effectiveness of HIV programming targeting same-sex sexual practicing individuals through HIV prevention programming targeting Men who have sex with Men (MSM) in Lagos and Ibadan. The assessment was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and In-depth Interviews (IDI) with the objectives of assessing the response of the MSM community in the respective states, to the provision of services made available to them through the program, accessibility to health care facilities and the impact of the program on their sexual health."

(PDF - 68 KB) Document Date: 3 May 2010
  Nigeria : Oko, new Anglican primate, vows to continue fight against homosexuals, In The Tribune, 03/26/10 : http://www.tribune.com.ng/index.php/news/3184-oko-new-an
MOST Reverend Nicholas Oko, on Thursday, took over the leadership of the Church of Nigeria Anglican Communion, with the promise to intensify the fight against homosexuals in the communion.
(PDF - 48 KB) Document Date: 26 Mar 2010
  Nigeria: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices- 03/11/10: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/af/135970.htm
Societal Abuses, Discrimination, and Acts of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Homosexual activity is illegal under federal law, and homosexual practices are punishable by prison sentences of up to 14 years. In the 12 northern states that have adopted Shari'a law, adults convicted of engaging in homosexual activity may be subject to execution by stoning, although no such sentences have been imposed.

Because of widespread taboos against homosexual activity, very few persons openly demonstrated such conduct. The NGOs Global Rights and The Independent Project provided lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) groups with legal advice and training in advocacy, media responsibility, and HIV/AIDS awareness.

No action was taken against persons who in 2008 stoned and beat members of the House of Rainbow Metropolitan Community Church, an LGBT-friendly church in Lagos. The attacks occurred after four newspapers published photographs, names, and addresses of church members.

As of year's end, the trial of 18 men, originally charged in September 2008 with sodomy and subsequently charged with vagrancy, had been postponed multiple times. Five defendants were able to pay bail, set at 20,000 naira ($133), and were released; the remaining 13 defendants remained in jail.

(PDF - 228 KB) Document Date: 11 Mar 2010
  Homosexuality in Nigeria - Go online if you're glad to be gay- One church?s answer to rampant homophobia- From The Economist print edition on 02/11/10: http://www.economist.com/world/middle-east/PrinterFriendly.cfm?story_id=15503420
"Many Nigerians strongly disapprove of homosexuality. The dominant role of religion is widely seen as the root of the country?s homophobic culture. Punishing gays is one of the few common themes that politicians can promote with equal zest in the mainly Christian south and the largely Muslim north. Under federal law sodomy is punishable by a 14-year jail sentence. An even more stringent bill to ban gay-rights groups and homosexual displays of affection is also under consideration."
(PDF - 51 KB) Document Date: 11 Feb 2010
  Nigeria: Research Suggests MSM Community Spreads HIV/AIDS In Abuja - by Mongezi Mhlongo, www.mask.org.za, on 11/30/09: http://globalgayz.com/country/Nigeria/view/NGA/gay-nigeria-news-and-reports-2-3
"'Discrimination and ignorance from society is a major factor, and makes it difficult for MSM?s to seek service as seeking they are scared of being discriminated against which explains the high prevalence AIDS amongst MSMs', said Ifeanyi Kelly Orazulika, Executive Director of Alliance Rights Nigeria.

Nessa Dennis, a human rights defender from Nigeria rubbished such claims, adding 'personally, and as an LGBTI community member and also as one of the team member that was present at the public hearing on the Same Gender Prohibition Bill, I would say that the MSM/LGBTI community is very visible. There are many incidents that made national news concerning unlawful arrests and torture and violation of LGBTI rights that prove that LGBTI/ MSMs exist in Nigeria.' 'The LGBTI community is underground right now, holding monthly meetings to give support to each other. The community is not safe therefore they are trying to be invisible so as not to spark up controversies that might speed up the passing of the Same Gender Prohibition Bill', she said."

(PDF - 159 KB) Document Date: 30 Nov 2009
  Nigeria: The family, pornography and demographic suicide, As prelude to the World Family Congress in Amsterdam, over 400 people converge in Abuja to decry the growing threats to the family unit. - By Emmanuel Mayah and Jerry Obidike on www.sunnewsonline.com, 07/08/09 : http://www.sunnewsonline.com/webpages/news/national/2009/july/08/national-08-07-2009-05.htm
"Four years ago, this newspaper reported the bizarre activities of an exclusive church for homosexuals in the Ejigbo suburb of Lagos. The Pastor of this peculiar flock had defended his group?s orientation saying homosexuals in Nigeria needed a place where they can serve God without fear and discrimination.

A wave of public indignation came in the wake of that story. But if there was a lull in the gay camp in Lagos, homosexuals were busy elsewhere, provoking outrage in Kano, Jos, Ibadan they held an all-male beauty pageant and most recently Owerri and Port Harcourt- two cities plagued with controversies of same sex marriage and what could pass for a gay pride march."

(PDF - 193 KB) Document Date: 8 Jul 2009
  Nigeria: 10 YEAR JAIL TERM FOR HOMOSEXUALS - By Zakariyya Adaramola, Daily Trust, 06/30/09 : ww.news.dailytrust.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1911:10-year- jail-term-for-homosexuals&catid=1:latest-news&Itemid=119
Henceforth anybody caught and found guilty of homosexual act in Lagos State will be imprisoned for 10 years, Special Adviser on political and legislative matters to Governor Babatunde Raji Fashola, AbdulHakeem AbdulLateef, has said.
Speaking with journalists in Lagos at the weekend, AbdulLateef said anyone caught parading himself/herself as homosexual or caught in the act and found guilty in a competent court of law would spend 10 years behind bars.

(PDF - 146 KB) Document Date: 30 Jun 2009
  Nigeria gays come out of shadows to fight anti-gay law - By 365gay Newscenter Staff on 03/12/09: http://www.365gay.com/news/nigeria-gays-come-out-of-shadows-to-fight-anti-gay-law/
"(Lagos) Nigerian gays who regularly face police persecution are coming out to fight a proposed law that would make it a criminal offense to attend a gay event, gather or attend a gay wedding anywhere in the world."

"Under the proposed new law, a same-sex couple married anywhere and returning to Nigeria, or anyone who is married to a same-sex partner who travels to Nigeria -including foreign business people ? would be jailed for up to three years."

(PDF - 84 KB) Document Date: 12 Mar 2009
  Subject: Statement from concerned Nigerians Against the proposed Same Gender Prohibition Bill 2008- 03/11/09
We are a collective of Nigerians currently living in Europe, the United States of America and Canada. Together with many other proud members of the Nigerian Diaspora we feel the need to engage with the ongoing debate surrounding the Same Gender Prohibition Bill.

  We are writing to you to express our concerns that Nigeria is introducing yet another legislation to further criminalise same sex love and same gender relationships. We feel that at this crucial moment of the parliamentary process, the Government needs to give a voice to Nigerians who identify as same gender loving people.

?As gay and lesbian people ourselves, many of us have experienced first hand discrimination and various violations of our individual rights. We recognise that we may be fortunate; we were able to physically leave Nigeria for far away lands in order to escape discrimination. Nonetheless, many of us continue to visit our families in the country, and we remain concerned about the welfare of the many Nigerians across the Federation who will continue to live in fear, with no recourse to legal protection in matters relating to their sexual orientation.

(PDF - 43 KB) Document Date: 11 Mar 2009
  Same-sex marriage in Nigeria? Never!... MULAN, others vow - www.triumphnewspapers.com - 03/06/09
The Muslim Lawyers? Association of Nigeria (MULAN) says it plans to make a presentation at next week?s Public Hearing on the bill against same sex marriages in the country.

``Of course, in the penal code which operates in the Northern states and the criminal code which operates in the southern states, same-sex marriages are not allowed. ``We plan to make a presentation on the issue at the Public Hearing by the House of Representatives next week in Abuja,?? he said.

According to reports on the website of the International Humanist and Ethical Union, the then Justice Minister, Chief Bayo Ojo (SAN), also backed the bill, saying that ``same-sex marriages are unAfrican and are prohibited in both the Bible and the Qur?an??.

(PDF - 231 KB) Document Date: 6 Mar 2009
  Nigeria: US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2008 Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 02/24/09
Homosexuality is illegal under federal law; homosexual practices are punishable by prison sentences of up to 14 years. In the 12 northern states that had adopted Shari'a law, adults convicted of engaging in homosexual intercourse are subject to execution by stoning, although no such sentences were imposed during the year. Because of widespread taboos against homosexuality, very few persons were openly homosexual.

There was widespread discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS, which the public considered a disease resulting from immoral behavior. Persons living with HIV/AIDS often lost their jobs or were denied health care services. However, public education campaigns were implemented to reduce stigma and change perceptions of the disease.

(PDF - 139 KB) Document Date: 25 Feb 2009
  Denial of a Gay Community in Nigeria Is "Economical With the Truth", Say Young Humanistas - www.ukgaynews.org.uk - 02/16/09
The Young Humanistas Network in Nigeria described today the remarks of Ojo Madueke, Nigeria?s Minister for Foreign Affairs, denying the existence of a gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender community in the country as being ?economical with the truth?.

?If they are an amorphous group, then the question of violence against them does not arise let alone negotiating special rights for them,? he said.

(PDF - 98 KB) Document Date: 16 Feb 2009
  We've no gay nor lesbian group in Nigeria, says Cheif Ojo Madueke - by Chioma Gabriel, www.vanguardngr.com- 02/13/09
NIGERIA appeared at the United Nations in Geneva before the UN Human Rights Council to defend its human rights record.during the week.

His presentation caused a stir when he informed members of the council that the government of Nigeria had been unable to locate persons of gay and sexual orientation,despite concerted efforts by his ministry to include this category of persons in the consultations on the human rights situation in Nigeria.

(PDF - 50 KB) Document Date: 13 Feb 2009
  Nigeria: Religious Right Watch: Making it illegal to be gay- By ANDY BIRKEY minnesotaindependent.com 02/03/09
Religious right rhetoric on traditional marriage is often framed as concern about preserving the institution as a bond between one man and one woman, but an international flap over an anti-gay marriage law in Nigeria has revealed the true intent of ?traditional marriage? groups: the imprisonment of gays and lesbians for their sexual orientation.

Last week the Nigerian House of Representatives voted to approve a measure that would impose a jail sentence on gays and lesbians who live together and on those who assist them. The bill says it?s illegal for ?the coming together of persons of the same sex with the purpose of living together as husband and wife or for other purposes of same sexual relationship.? Violators could be imprisoned for up to three years. People who ?witness, abet and aid the solemnization of a same gender marriage? face up to five years in prison.

(PDF - 186 KB) Document Date: 3 Feb 2009
  HRW: Anti-gay Nigerian bill targets 'basic rights' - Rex Wockner International News #771- 01/02/09
A bill before Nigeria's National Assembly would expand Nigeria's draconian punishments for homosexual conduct and threaten all Nigerians' rights to privacy and free expression and association, Human Rights Watch said Jan. 26.

In a letter to President Umaru Yar'Adua, legislators, the National Human Rights Commission and other bodies, the group urged senators, representatives and the president to reject the measure, which would punish people of the same sex who live together "as husband and wife or for other purposes of same sexual relationship" with up to three years in prison, and punish anyone who "witnesses, abet[s] and aids" such a relationship with five years in prison.

(PDF - 25 KB) Document Date: 2 Feb 2009
  NIGERIA. LA PROPOSITION D'INTERDICTION DES UNIONS HOMOSEXUELLES EST UNE ATTAQUE CONTRE LES DROITS HUMAINS - The proposed ban of homosexual unions ia a breach of human rihgts - by Amnesti International on 01/28/09
Full English translation of this document was provided by Quentin Durant de Saint Andre from the Lycèe Frainçais de Chicago Il.

« Outre les mesures visant les personnes ayant des relations homosexuelles supposées, le projet de loi prévoirait des sentences allant jusqu'à cinq ans d'emprisonnement et une amende pour toute personne ayant servi de témoin ou d?assistant à la formalisation d?un mariage entre personnes du même sexe. »

(PDF - 210 KB) Document Date: 28 Jan 2009
  Nigerian House votes to ban same-sex marriage- Rex Wockner International News # 770 - 01/26/09
Nigeria's House of Representatives voted unanimously in mid-January to ban "marriage between persons of same gender, solemnization of same and other matters related therewith."

Leo Igwe of the Nigerian Humanist Movement called the vote "a step backward for Nigeria's democracy and a breach of the nation's human rights obligations."

(PDF - 23 KB) Document Date: 26 Jan 2009
  Nigeria: 'Same Gender Marriage (Prohibition) Bill' violates Constitution- AI 01/26/09
Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Nigerian Bar Association Human Rights Institute (NBAHRI) and Nigerian human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are deeply concerned by the 'Same Gender Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2008', currently before the Nigerian National Assembly. The Bill would introduce criminal penalties for marriage ceremonies between persons of the same sex as well as for persons witnessing or helping to formalize such a marriage. This is in contravention of the Nigerian Constitution and inconsistent with Nigeria's obligations under international and regional human rights treaties which the country has ratified. We therefore urge the National Assembly not to pass the Bill.

Under Nigeria's criminal code and penal code, consensual same sex conduct between adults is already punishable: chapter 42, section 214 of Nigeria's criminal code provides a sentence of fourteen years' imprisonment for 'carnal knowledge against the order of nature.'

(PDF - 68 KB) Document Date: 26 Jan 2009
  Nigeria: Reject "Same Gender' Marriage Ban - HRW 01/26/09
(New York) - A bill before Nigeria's National Assembly to ban "same gender marriage" would expand Nigeria's already draconian punishments for homosexual conduct and threaten all Nigerians' rights to privacy, free expression, and association, Human Rights Watch said today.

In a letter to President Umaru Yar'Adua, leaders of the House of Representatives and Senate, the Nigerian National Human Rights Commission, and other national, regional, and international bodies, the group urged legislators and the president to reject the bill. The letter urged the country's leaders to combat an environment of stigma and violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Nigerians.

(PDF - 86 KB) Document Date: 26 Jan 2009
  Nigerian MPs vote to ban "immoral" gay marriages- By Tony Grew www.pinknews.co.uk - 01/19/08
The House of Representatives in Nigeria has voted unanimously in favour of a new legislation banning same-sex marriage.

The bill "prohibits marriage between persons of same gender, solemnisation of same and other matters related therewith."

"Banning gay marriage will increase homophobia and attacks on lesbian and gay people. it will undermine Nigeria's efforts to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS, especially among gays.

(PDF - 51 KB) Document Date: 19 Jan 2009
  Nigeria: Reps Vote Against Gay Marriage - by James Ojo on www.sunnewsonline.com on 01/16/09: http://www.sunnewsonline.com/webpages/news/national/2009/jan/16/national-16-01-2009-01.htm
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

House of Representatives yesterday unanimously voted for outright ban of same sex marriage anywhere in the country, as the Bill ?for an Act to prohibit marriage between persons of same gender, solemnisation of same and other matters related therewith? scaled through without any opposition.

Sponsored by Hon. Mayor Eze, deputy chairman, House Committee on Steel, all the lawmakers who spoke in favour of the Bill demanded for an outright ban on such acts.

(PDF - 122 KB) Document Date: 16 Jan 2009
  Nigeria: We Are Not Lesbians, Say Dismissed Policewomen- allafrica.com/- 01/01/09
Maiduguri ? Two policewomen, Ruth Simon and Clementina Jerome, who were recently dismissed from the police for allegedly engaging in lesbianism have denied the allegation and called for a review of the case.
(PDF - 109 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2009
  Bisexual woman waits for decision on deportation to Nigeria- 12/17/08 www.xtra.ca-
Jane Okojie, a bisexual woman facing deportation back to Nigeria with her two children, had a hearing in a federal court on Dec 17.

The judge reserved his decision in the case. If the ruling goes against Okojie she could be deported immediately. If she wins she will receive a new hearing from the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) on whether her refugee claim will be accepted.

(PDF - 65 KB) Document Date: 17 Dec 2008
  Nigeria : UK Grants Asylum to Nigerian Gay Activist - In This Day, 08/11/08 : http://www.thisdayonline.com/nview.php?id=119333&printer_
British police established that the threats originated outside the UK and MacIyalla decided that he had no option but to seek asylum in Britain. Mr MacIyalla commented: "This is a huge relief. This morning I wasn?t a free man ? now I?m safe. My great sadness is for all my brother and sister LGBT Christians back in Nigeria whose lives are still limited and sometimes endangered, just because of who they are."
(PDF - 64 KB) Document Date: 8 Nov 2008
  Nigerian ambassador to EU pressured over treatment of gay Christians - By Staff Writer, PinkNews.co.uk - 10/21/08
Members of the European Parliament have drawn attention to the harassment faced by people working for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people in Nigeria.

MEPs from the Parliament's Intergroup on Gay and Lesbian Rights have written to the Ambassador Usman A Baraya at the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to the EU.

"We have to react to continued and life-threatening media harassment of human rights defenders taking place in Nigeria," said Michael Cashman, President of the Intergroup.

(PDF - 216 KB) Document Date: 21 Oct 2008
  Nigeria: Homosexuals Must Die ? Muslim Cleric - by Paul Omo Obadan on www.sunnewsonline.com on 10/05/08: http://www.sunnewsonline.com/webpages/features/newsonthehour/2008/oct/05/newsbreak-05-10-2008-001.htm
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

Furious over what seems a bourgeoning community of homosexuals in Nigeria, a Muslim cleric, Professor Is-haq Akintola, has suggested capital punishment for the practice, with recourse to the Holy Qu?ran, which he says prescribes death penalty.

?Homosexuality is a great sin in Islam. It is as grievous as adultery, and the punishment is the same. Homosexuals are to be condemned to death,? he told Sunday Sun in an interview in Lagos.

(PDF - 241 KB) Document Date: 5 Oct 2008
  Reactions Trail Gay meeting in Nigeria - Channels Television - 09/22/08
Gay issues have continued to provoke reactions among Nigerian religious, even as a two-day meeting was recently held by homosexuals in the country where only men, some dressed like women, were allowed into the heavily secured venue.
(PDF - 45 KB) Document Date: 22 Sep 2008
  Petition Against Media Hounding of Gay Community In Nigeria - Published by MrDoGood - 09/21/08
Recently, the Nation, the PM News, the Vanguard, The Sunday Sun, etc, have published articles on the House of Rainbow Metropolitan Community Church with photographs, names, physical addresses of individuals, members and friends of the church and its leadership. They have set up Lesbian, Gay, Bi=sexual, Transgender/sexual and Intersex (LGBTI) persons, communities and human rights defenders as targets of violence
(PDF - 63 KB) Document Date: 21 Sep 2008
  NIGERIA : Homosexual pastor on the run ! - Written by Ebun Babalola, Vanguard Newspaper - 09/19/08
When Saturday Vanguard visited plot 145 flat 1, Jakande Estate, Isolo, Lagos, where Rev. Rowland Olajide Macaulay, the gay pastor lives, the apartment was locked. It was learnt that the reverend had left his house on Saturday September 13, immediately after a national Newspaper carried the story of his homosexual church.
(PDF - 100 KB) Document Date: 19 Sep 2008
  As gay church arrives Nigeria, Christian, Muslim clerics declare:It?s evil! - By JOSSY IDAM & PAUL OMO OBADAN, Sun News Publishing - 09/14/08
A welter of criticism has greeted the emergence of the first openly declared gay church in the country.Both Christian and Muslim clerics have not only condemned it, they equally dismissed it as evil.
(PDF - 196 KB) Document Date: 14 Sep 2008
  Nigeria : Notorious Homosexual Arrested In Benin-City - Sunny Ojeiduma, City People Magazine - 07/23/08
A 21-year-old young man has been arrested by men of the Edo State Police Command for his involvement in homosexual crime.
(PDF - 411 KB) Document Date: 23 Jul 2008
  Nigerian Gay Rights Campaigner Freed from Asylum Detention Centre - by Tony Grew on www.pinknews.co.uk on 07/04/08: http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/articles/2005-8220.html/
This document provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

Davis Mac-Iyalla, a leader of the gay Christian and gay rights movement in Nigeria, was arrested and incarcerated in Oakington asylum detention centre in Cambridgeshire earlier this week.

He has now been released and will be able to speak at Pride London tomorrow about the situation in Nigeria.

(PDF - 178 KB) Document Date: 4 Jul 2008
  Nigerian Sharia court punishes lesbian couple - By Tony Grew - 04/11/08
Two women in Kaduna, Nigeria have been sentenced to six months in prison and 20 lashes each for having a lesbian relationship.

The Sharia court said that Malama Hauwa and Hajiya Ai'sha were violating the tenets of Islam and the teachings of Sharia law.

(PDF - 152 KB) Document Date: 11 Apr 2008
  Gay Nigerians Suffer Violent Abuse - by Pat Ashworth on www.churchtimes.co.uk on 04/11/08: http://www.churchtimes.co.uk/content.asp?id=54948
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

THE Archbishop of Canterbury has added his voice to protests about threats made to the leaders of Changing Attitude, a pro-gay campaigning group.

The Revd Colin Coward, UK director of Changing Attitude, and his Nigerian counterpart, Davis MacIyalla, have both received death threats because ?they are polluting Nigeria with abomination and immorality?. Over the Easter weekend, serious assaults were made on Changing Attitude supporters in Nigeria.

(PDF - 628 KB) Document Date: 11 Apr 2008
  Nigeria: A Nation of Police - by Sokari Ekine on www.nigeriavillagesquare.com on 04/08/08: http://www.nigeriavillagesquare.com/articles/sokari-ekine/a-nation-of-police-14.html
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

Although the Nigerian Same Sex Marriage Bill of 2006 appears to be at least temporarily shelved, no one knows if and when it will reappear. For the moment the focus is on another proposed ?morality? legislation, the Dress Code Bill sponsored by Senator Eme Ekatte, Chairperson of the Senate Committee on Women and Youth Affairs. At first glance her logic is beyond belief but when looked at in the context of the fundamentalist religious movement led by Bishop Akinola on the one side and Sharia advocates on the other, is it really so surprising? What we have is a country of Jekyll?s and Hyde?s, obsessed by religion and morality one minute and condoning infidelity and silent on sexual and physical child abuse, the next. Despite the wide condemnation of the Bill in the press, reading between the lines there is still the widely held belief that women and girls are the seducers of men.

(PDF - 57 KB) Document Date: 8 Apr 2008
  Gay Nigeria Christian Leader Narrowly Escapes Death in Brutal Attack - by UK Gay News on www.ukgaynews.org.uk on 03/21/08: http://www.ukgaynews.org.uk/Archive/08/Mar/2101.htm
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

Changing Attitude calls on the Primate and bishops of the Church of Nigeria to condemn attacks on gays.

LAGOS, March 21, 2008 ? A shocking story of mob violence has emerged which almost culminated in the death of one of the leaders of the Changing Attitude Nigeria (CAN) group in Port Harcourt.

(PDF - 448 KB) Document Date: 21 Mar 2008
  NIgeria-Country Reports on Human Rights Practices-2007-3/11/08
Other Societal Abuses and Discrimination

Homosexuality is illegal under federal law; homosexual practices are punishable by prison sentences of up to 14 years. In the 12 northern states that had adopted Shari'a law, adults convicted of engaging in homosexual intercourse are subject to execution by stoning, although no such sentences were imposed during the year. Because of widespread taboos against homosexuality, very few persons were openly homosexual.

During the year the National Assembly considered an antigay marriage bill that would duplicate existing laws on marriage and sexual relations while making it more difficult for advocacy groups to operate. The bill had not passed by the end of the year.

There was widespread discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS, which the public considered a disease resulting from immoral behavior. Persons living with HIV/AIDS often lost their jobs or were denied health care services. However, public education campaigns were implementdisease.

(PDF - 97 KB) Document Date: 11 Mar 2008
  Cross-dresser jailed in Nigeria - Story from BBC NEWS - 03/04/08
A Nigerian court has sentenced a man to 18 months in jail after he admitted he dressed up as a woman.
(PDF - 131 KB) Document Date: 4 Mar 2008
  Dispatch from Bauchi, Nigeria, February 2008- IGLHRC 2/15/08
Eighteen men arrested on charges related to sexual orientation in Bauchi state, Nigeria faced an adjournment today, as the government continued to stall given the weakness of their case and lack of evidence, according to the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). The next hearing will be held on March 24, 2007

"These men are being railroaded by the authorities," said Johnson. "Contradicting their own statements, the police first said that the men were all dressed in women's clothing, then that articles of female clothing and cosmetics were found in their belongings, which somehow proves that they were engaging in same sex marriage and homosexuality. The rhetoric of the police and court authorities are confusing, at best, and attempt to incite the public against the young men by conflating the concepts of 'homosexuality,' 'cross-dressing' and 'gay marriage'."

(PDF - 421 KB) Document Date: 15 Feb 2008
  Fighting human rights abuses against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals, communities and human rights defenders in Nigeria with support from the Royal Nederland Embassy- Media Quarterly Report- [August 05, 2007 ? January 15, 2008]- 01/05/08
Summary of Report

This media quarterly report specifically focused on the following key issues;

* Reports/incidents of protest or demonstration against LGBTI rights and other related issues by individuals, groups or community organizations.

* Reports/incidents of violence against LGBTI people/individuals by use of forced eviction from community, torture, etc

* Incidents/reports where pressure, organized by individuals and communities appear to have influenced the perception on LGBTI rights and related issues.

* Any incidents where actions to protest or demonstrate against violations of LGBTI people and other related issues were met with/obstructed by violence [by SSS, Police, Hizbah, individuals in communities, etc]

* Reports on Statements or Declarations by organizations [such as: Church groups, Religious bodies, Community Based Organization (CBO), Traditional Institutions, Professional associations, etc] about LGBTI and related issues in their State/Zone.

* Reports on bias legal and court proceedings against LGBTI related cases.

(PDF - 203 KB) Document Date: 15 Jan 2008
  Nigeria: There is No HIV/AIDS Work & No Family Without Us 12/15/05
A declaration by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, men who have sex with men, and women who have sex with women in Africa directed to African governments.
(PDF - 232 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  Nigeria: In Africa, homophobia goes beyond church - United Press International-2/25/06
Obarou Adjarbu carries a Bible under one arm, and he knows what it says. It says homosexuality is a sin, according to Adjarhu's reading. Today. Tomorrow. And as far as the 32-year-old Nigerian businessman is concerned, forever.
(PDF - 73 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  LGBT GROUP UNITE AGAINST BILL ON SAME SEX-Nigerian Minister of Information: LGBT orientation is alien to Nigeria-11/02/06
SPIN have totally condemned the bill initialed by the Fed govt of Nigeria to stop same sex relationships and marriages in Nigeria. Saying that it would contravene the universal human rights declaration which Nigeria was a signatory to.
(PDF - 112 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  Nigeria:Country Report on Human Rights Practices-2005-Bureau of Democracy,Human Rights and Labor-3/8
Nigeria is a federal republic composed of 36 states and a capital territory, with a population of 140 to 150 million, in April 2003, President Olusegun Obsanjo of the People's Democratic Party (PDP) was reelected to a four-year deemed after being declared the winner in elections that were marred by what international and domestic observers termed to be in serious irregularities and fraud, including political violence. The elections also resulted int he ruling PDP claiming 70 percent of the seats in the national legislature and 75 percent of the state governorships.
(PDF - 221 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  Nigeria: Situation of homosexuals and their treatment under sharia (August 2004-February 2005)-UNHCR
This update of NGA42748.E of 14 July 2004 on the situation of homosexuals and their treatment under sharia reviews publicly accessible information from August 2004 and February 2005. Although new information on legislation could not be found, current reports on the enforcement of laws and sate protection (Vanguagr 28 Nov. 2004; ibid 31 Oct. 2004; This Day 16 Jan. 2005; ibid 28 Oct. 2004; 365Gay.com 29 Nov. 2004; HRW Sept. 2004) and societal attitudes (Sex Education Apr. 2004; BTM 30 Sept. 2004; Daily Champion 20 Sept. 2004; EAS 2 Nov. 2004; ACN 2 Nov. 2004) were found among the sources consulted.
(PDF - 246 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  Nigeria: Escape of Gay Couple Leads to Gov't Inquiry - 365Gay.com-2/18/05
The Nigerian government Thursday launch an inquiry into the disappearance from police custody of two gay men charged under the country's "crimes against nature" law. The two men were arrested January 15 after neighbors reported them to police.
(PDF - 44 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  Nigeria to ban same-sex marriage 1/30/06
International News January 30, 2006 by Rex Wockner

The Nigerian government's Federal Executive Council approved a measure banning same-sex marriage Jan. 17 and sent it to the National Assembly for consideration.

(PDF - 0 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2008
  NIGERIA : Anglican bishop calls LGBT people inhuman - By Gemma Pritchard - 09/11/07
The Anglican Bishop of Uyo, Rt. Rev. Isaac Orama, this month condemned the activities of homosexuals and lesbians, and described those engaged in them as "insane people".

In an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria, earlier this month, Orama said: "Homosexuality and lesbianism are inhuman. Those who practice them are insane, satanic and are not fit to live because they are rebels to God's purpose for man."

(PDF - 162 KB) Document Date: 11 Sep 2007
  NIGERIA'S ANTI-GAY WITCH-HUNT - 18 ARRESTS IN BAUCHI STATE - By Peter Tatchell, London - The Guardian - 08/29/07
There are vociferous local demands for the men to be stoned to death. At last week?s court hearing, an angry mob of Muslim homophobes assembled outside the court. They shouted anti-gay epithets and demanded that all 18 men be sentenced to death. Furious at the judge?s decision to opt for non-death penalty charges, they pelted the defendants with rocks as they left the court, attacked the police, and attempted to lynch the judge and to set the court building ablaze, according to the Nigerian newspaper, ThisDay Online. To their credit, the Nigerian police protected the defendants, firing tear gas canisters and shooting their guns in the air to disperse the queer-bashing mob.
(PDF - 79 KB) Document Date: 29 Aug 2007
  Uganda: CRISES ACROSS AFRICA: Gays Under Government Attack in Nigeria, Cameroon, Uganda-8/23/07

"Now," Johnson continued, "My fear is that these arrests and the way they are being framed by the Nigerian media -- Â as 'sodomy' that occurred at a 'gay wedding' at the hotel when neither happened -- is being used to prepare the field for the re-introduction of the bill."

"The police, who used a mixture of coercion, torture, and promises of liberty, forced the adolescents to admit their homosexuality and sign a transcript of that admission -- Â but also to reveal the identity of the six other gay teenagers, who were then arrested," said Mandeng's report. "The police ambushed those who'd been named -- they called the six boys and got them to come to a rendezvous, and when they showed up they were arrested."

Roubros' Daily Monitor article on the SMUG press conference reported that participants said "police have repeatedly demanded sexual favors or personal bribes in exchange for release from custody. 'This is not protecting Ugandans, said a man wearing a mask and a name card with the alias 'Douglas.' 'This is not protecting Ugandans, it is threatening people for profit. This is certainly not within the law,' exclaimed Douglas."

(PDF - 149 KB) Document Date: 23 Aug 2007
  Nigeria: Suspected Gays Stoned - AllAfrica.com, by Mustapha Shehu 8/22/07
Youth suspected to be gay, arrested a fortnight ago and arraigned before the Tudun Alkali Area Court in Bauchi, were yesterday stoned as they filed to enter the Black Maria that was to convey them back to prison.

The case, which was heard yesterday, attracted a large crowd of observers and journalists from foreign and local media, amidst heavy security provided by a joint team of the police and prison warders.

The high interest shown in the case might be due to insinuations that they may be executed if convicted.

Section 372 of the Bauchi Shari'a Penal Code Law 2001, under which they were charged, stipulates a maximum penalty of one year prison sentence and 30 lashes on conviction.

(PDF - 70 KB) Document Date: 22 Aug 2007
  Nigeria: Same-Sex Wedding or Birthday Party?-allafrica.com/ by Mustapha Shehu 8/21/07
This case has already generated intense interest among some human rights organisations in the country. me are apprehensive that the suspects, if convicted would be stoned to death. Mr. Yakubu Haruna, a Bauchi based legal practitioner, however, told THISDAY that the charges brought against the suspects are clear, and if a case is made against them, the penalty is also clear.

Quoting from the Bauchi State Shari'ah Penal Code 2001, Haruna said "section 372 (2E) on which the charges were based, defines a 'vagabond', in relation with this case, as any male person who dresses or is attired in the fashion of a woman in a public place or who practices sodomy as a means of livelihood or as a profession.

(PDF - 36 KB) Document Date: 21 Aug 2007
  Clash over Nigeria cross-dressing - Story from BBC NEWS - 08/21/07
Police in northern Nigeria have clashed with Muslim youths angry at a Sharia court's decision to grant bail to 18 men accused of dressing as women.
(PDF - 53 KB) Document Date: 21 Aug 2007
  TURING: The case for a boycott - By Staff Writer, PinkNews.co.uk - 08/17/07
The United States, not particularly known for its gay rights record, surprised a good many people in 2005 when its State Department, in its annual report on human rights, included for the first time a list of countries guilty of LGBT abuses.

P. S. In case you were wondering, the ten countries singled out by the US were Uganda, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, UAE, Cameroon, Poland, Nepal and India, in that order.

(PDF - 221 KB) Document Date: 17 Aug 2007
  Gay Nigerians face Sharia death- BBC News 8/10/07: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6940061.stm
Eighteen men have been remanded in prison following their arrest for alleged sodomy in northern Nigeria, the state-owned news agency, Nan, reports.

The men were arrested in a hotel in north-eastern Bauchi State, which is governed by the Islamic Sharia law.

The Sharia punishment for sodomy is death by stoning.

(PDF - 45 KB) Document Date: 10 Aug 2007
  Nigerian Gays Charged With Sodomy, Could Face Death Penalty-By Gilbert da Costa, www.voanews.com/ 8/10/08
An Islamic Sharia court in northern Nigeria has ordered 18 men to be kept in prison pending their trial for alleged sodomy. For VOA, Gilbert da Costa reports that the men were arrested for allegedly hosting a gay marriage in a predominantly Muslim city.

The 18 men could face the death penalty if convicted. They were arrested in a hotel in Bauchi, were said to be wearing female clothing and had gathered to celebrate a gay marriage.

Local officials say the men's action contravened Islamic law, which governs Bauchi state in Muslim-dominated northern Nigeria.

(PDF - 65 KB) Document Date: 10 Aug 2007
  Nigeria : Community Declares War On Homosexuals - Sunny Ojeiduma, City People Magazine - 08/08/07
City People gathered that when one Johnson Okechukwu and Augustine Okosa were caught by Mr Demian Uzoma, a Scripture Union Leader in the community, making love in an uncompleted building belonging to a Catholic Church, Uzoma raised an alarm which prompted many members of the community to hurry down to the scene of the action but unfortunately the victims left their clothes and ran into the nearby bush. The Scripture Union Leader who claimed to be an ardent born again Christian, narrated his experience to the surging crowd who spontaneously gave a hot chase to the alleged homosexuals in the surrounding bush. Luck ran out of the accused persons as they were caught hiding inside different parts of the bush in their nakedness. The arrest of the accused homosexuals was highly celebrated by the crowd who are mostly youth of Christian and Moslem religions as they handed down instant jungle justice on them.
(PDF - 607 KB) Document Date: 8 Aug 2007
  Exiled Nigerian Gay Activist Touring U.S - thewickedwoman - 05/30/07
Davis Mac-IyallaExiled Nigerian gay activist Davis Mac-Iyalla has come to the United States in search of political, spiritual and financial support. Founder of the LGBT Anglican organization Changing Attitude Nigeria, he has faced persecution from both his government and his church?being forced to flee to a nearby country where he and others organize in the herculean fight for their rights against the very powerful Archbishop Peter J. Akinola, primate of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) and head homophobe in charge.
(PDF - 155 KB) Document Date: 30 May 2007
  Nigeria: Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment (2005 - 2007)
Title Nigeria: Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment (2005 - 2007)
Publisher Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Country Nigeria
Publication Date 16 May 2007
Citation / Document Symbol NGA102511.E
Cite as Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Nigeria: Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment (2005 - 2007), 16 May 2007. NGA102511.E. Online. UNHCR Refworld, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/refworld/rwmain?docid=46c4038322 [accessed 20 December 2007]

(PDF - 236 KB) Document Date: 16 May 2007
  Nigeria: RESPONSES TO INFORMATION REQUESTS (RIRs)-NGA102511.E-Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa 5/16/07
Treatment by society and by authorities

Homosexuality is considered "taboo" in Nigeria (BBC 1 Mar. 2007; ibid. 14 Feb. 2007; AP 11 Dec. 2006; US 6 Mar. 2007); very few people are openly gay (ibid.; Denmark Jan. 2005, 23; AP 11 Dec. 2006). Homosexuals are generally treated as outcasts by society (Denmark 2005, 24, 25; This Day 8 Sept. 2006), and are often disowned by their own families (ibid.; AP 11 Dec. 2006; The Wall Street Journal 12 Jan. 2007).

According to a 2 September 2006 Reuters article, homosexuals are "fiercely condemned" in both Nigeria's Christian-dominated south as well as in its largely Muslim north (see also This Day 8 Sept. 2006; BBC 14 Feb. 2007). Nigeria's Anglican Archbishop Peter Akinola is said to be leading a world-wide revolt against the Anglican Church's perceived acceptance of homosexuality (AP 20 Sept. 2005; This Day 8 Sept. 2006). Akinola is said to have condemned the consecration of a gay bishop in the United States (US) as a "satanic attack on the Church of God" (ibid.; AP 20 Sept. 2005).

(PDF - 161 KB) Document Date: 16 May 2007
  Nigeria: African Gays Speak Out on "State-Backed" Homophobia - by Gershwin Wanneburg on www.reuters.com on 05/08/07: http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL08685953
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

JOHANNESBURG, May 8 (Reuters) - Gay activists are protesting against what they describe as "state-sponsored" homophobia in Africa, saying authorities tacitly condone their persecution across the continent.

The International Gay and Lesbian Association's (ILGA) first pan-African conference in Johannesburg, which ends on Tuesday, drew about 60 activists who say they have seen first-hand the consequences of laws that breed homophobia.

(PDF - 63 KB) Document Date: 8 May 2007
  Nigerian lesbian goes into hiding-www.metro.co.uk 4/15/07
A Nigerian lesbian has gone into hiding to avoid arrest days after marrying four women in the Islamic city of Kano, is has been reported.

An estimated 2,000 guests watched Aunty Maiduguri, 45, wed the four women in a sumptuous ceremony that was followed by two days of feasting and merry-making.

(PDF - 51 KB) Document Date: 27 Apr 2007
  Nigeria: Polygamous Lesbians Flee Sharia - on news.bbc.co.uk on 04/27/07: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6599437.stm
This document was provided by Immigration Equality, New York, NY

A Nigerian lesbian who "married" four women last weekend in Kano State has gone into hiding from the Islamic police, with her partners.

Under Sharia law, adopted in the state seven years ago, homosexuality and same-sex marriages are outlawed and considered very serious offences.

(PDF - 41 KB) Document Date: 27 Apr 2007
  Nigeria : Still On Popular Imam's Daughter Who Is A Lesbian - Jimmy Enyeh, City People Magazine - 04/25/07
So bad is the situation that her father, a very revered Imam has been stripped of his religious title of Chief Imam. While her mother has been banished by the elders of the predominantly Muslim community. She was told never to return to the town until she's able to produce her daughter. Hasfat's father, Alhaji Abdul, confirmed that his daughter is a lesbian. He based his argument on his daughter's intimate affairs with other women. "She is my daughter, I have observed her closely and found out that she was involved in the act of lesbianism. I tried to make her do away with the shameful and evil act but she was determined to continue until she was caught", Hasfat's father told the elders.
(PDF - 547 KB) Document Date: 25 Apr 2007
  Denying Rights in Nigeria - on www.nytimes.com on 03/08/07: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/08/opinion/08thu2.html?_r=1&ei=5070&en=b94f20be37d0eed3&ex=1174021200&emc=eta1&pagewanted=print
A poisonous piece of legislation is quickly making its way through the Nigerian National Assembly. Billed as an anti-gay-marriage act, it is a far-reaching assault on basic rights of association, assembly and expression. Chillingly, the legislation ? proposed last year by the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo ? has the full and enthusiastic support of the leader of Nigeria?s powerful Anglican church. Unless the international community speaks out quickly and forcefully against the bill, it is almost certain to become law.

Homosexual acts between consenting adults are already illegal in Nigeria under a penal code that dates to the colonial period. This new legislation would impose five-year sentences on same-sex couples who have wedding ceremonies ? as well as on those who perform such services and on all who attend. The bill?s vague and dangerous prohibition on any public or private show of a ?same sex amorous relationship? ? which could be construed to cover having dinner with someone of the same sex ? would open any known or suspected gay man or lesbian to the threat of arrest at almost any time.

(PDF - 71 KB) Document Date: 8 Mar 2007
  NIGERIA: WORLD'S WORST ANTI-GAY LAW MAY PASS SOON- Doug Ireland,direland.typepad.com- 02/21/07
Nigeria_map The following article was written for Gay City News -- New York's largest gay weekly -- which publishes it tomorrow:

One of the most sweeping anti-gay bills ever introduced in any parliament in the world is in danger of rapid passage in Nigeria in the coming weeks. Although billed as a ban on same-sex marriage, the proposed law includes provisions that would make any expression of homosexuality ? not only sexual conduct but any homosexual inclination or reference ? in public or in private, a crime.

(PDF - 71 KB) Document Date: 21 Feb 2007
  Nigeria : The Defeat of the Homosexuals - By Sonnie Ekwowusi, 02/20/07 : http://www.thisdayonline.com/nview.php?id=71068&printer_f...
The only right the Nigerian homosexuals and lesbians have is their right to be taken to the hospitals (or Babalawos or Dibias for those of them who are professed atheists) for treatment. Those who are sick should not be going about advertising their sickness.
(PDF - 76 KB) Document Date: 20 Feb 2007
  IGLHRC's New report documents LGBT Nigerian's response to the same-sex prohibition act 2/17/07
Nigerian lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgenders speak out against a proposed law in a new report by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). The report, "Voices from Nigeria" provides personal accounts of homophobic attacks, arbitrary arrests and detentions, and increased levels of homophobia that have already begun as a result of the introduction of the legislation, referred to as the Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Act.
(PDF - 97 KB) Document Date: 17 Feb 2007
  Nigeria: Anglican Heads Prepare for a Make or Break- By Lillian Kwon- Christian Post Reporter 2/12/0
Most Anglican bishops in the Global South have already expressed their firm stance against homosexuality and made a call to resolve the issue soon. But the head of southern Africa is arguing for harmony and acceptance.
Many on the African continent, however, say the issue of homosexuality must be resolved before the decennial Lambeth Conference in 2008. And the issue may soon determine the split or continuing communion of the Church of Nigeria, reportedly the largest Anglican province.

(PDF - 92 KB) Document Date: 12 Feb 2007
  Nigeria: Homosexual Bags Six Weeks- AllAfrica.com-Daily Trust (Abuja) 1/24/07
A self-acclaimed homosexual, Mr. Francis Chima, was yesterday sentenced to six weeks in prison by an Abuja magistrate court for demanding sex from a man.
(PDF - 259 KB) Document Date: 24 Jan 2007
  Human Rights, Homosexuality and the Anglican Communion: Reflections in Light of Nigeria. by Ephraim Radner 12/30/06
At this point, we are not asking if homosexual sex is in fact "evil", only how such a conviction informs and ought to inform the Church's support of "anti-gay" civil legislation. It should be said that such a conviction and conclusion is also made by the Roman Catholic Church, as in this 2003 statement regarding the push for legalizing same-sex unions:

The imposition of sanctions upon practices viewed as "evil" by Christians is therefore not in itself illogical. Or is it? Some Christians might argue, for instance, that punitive sanctions themselves, and the Church's support of them within a secular society, contradict basic elements of Jesus' own example, teaching, and sacrificial death, in which "mercy" predominates (Hosea 6:6, as quoted by Jesus in Matthew 9:13 and 12:7; Matthew 5:7). The Levitical penalty for homosexual actions is death (Leviticus 20:13), but few Christians would consider this kind of sanction applicable today (if really ever). Does not Jesus himself alter the very character of "sanction" in this regard, as he demonstrates in the case of the woman caught in adultery (Jn. 8:2-11)? "Neither do I condemn you." If the full penalty of the law's transgression is actually borne by Jesus himself, what parameters are left for the Church's formulation of punishment for crimes? Even the medieval Church understood its own evangelical order as prohibiting such sanctions, which is why criminals, even those guilty of more strictly religious offences, were handed over to the temporal powers for punishment.

(PDF - 419 KB) Document Date: 30 Dec 2006
  At Axis of Episcopal Split, an Anti-Gay Nigerian-By Lydia Polgreen and Laurie Goodstein NYT 12/25/06
ABUJA, Nigeria, Dec. 20 -- The way he tells the story, the first and only time Archbishop Peter J. Akinola knowingly shook a gay person's hand, he sprang backward the moment he realized what he had done.
Archbishop Akinola, the conservative leader of Nigeria's Anglican Church who has emerged at the center of a schism over homosexuality in the global Anglican Communion, re-enacted the scene from behind his desk Tuesday, shaking his head in wonder and horror.
One of Archbishop Akinola's principal arguments, often heard from other conservatives as well, is that Christianity in Nigeria, a country where religious violence has killed tens of thousands in the past decade, must guard its flank lest Islam overtake it. "The church is in the midst of Islam," he said. "Should the church in this country begin to teach that it is appropriate, that it is right to have same sex unions and all that, the church will simply die."
He supports a bill in Nigeria's legislature that would make homosexual sex and any public expression of homosexual identity a crime punishable by five years in prison.

(PDF - 68 KB) Document Date: 25 Dec 2006
  Gay Nigerians speak out- By Katharine Houreld, AP 12/12/06
In the Muslim north of Nigeria, Bisi Alimi could be stoned to death for being having gay sex.
In the south, he could face three years in prison. Now, a proposed law would make it illegal just to share a meal at a cafe with gay friends.
The proposal under debate in Nigeria's House of Representatives would outlaw not just gay marriages, but any form of association between gay people, social or otherwise, and publication of any materials deemed to promote a "same-sex amorous relationship".
Anyone attending a meeting between gay people, even two friends in a private house, could receive a sentence of five years under the act.
Engaging in homosexual acts is already illegal in Nigeria, with those convicted facing jail terms in the south and execution in the north.
Few in Nigeria's deeply closeted gay community are publicly opposing the bill and it is widely expected to pass.

(PDF - 58 KB) Document Date: 12 Dec 2006
  New law, old prejudices threaten Nigeria's gay community- By Associated Press 12/11/06
LAGOS, Nigeria- Lawmakers in Nigeria are debating a bill that would ban same-sex marriage and any form of association among gays, even sharing a meal at a restaurant.
Few in Nigeriaâ??s deeply closeted gay community have publicly opposed the legislation, which proposes penalties of up to five years in prison and is widely expected to pass.
Engaging in homosexual acts is already illegal in Nigeria, with those convicted facing jail terms in the mainly Christian south and execution in the mainly Muslim north.
â??This meeting, right here, would be illegal,â? said activist Bisi Alimi, stabbing the air with a French fry for emphasis as he sat at a table with three gay friends and a reporter.

(PDF - 117 KB) Document Date: 11 Dec 2006
  Voices from Nigeria -IGLHRC 11/06
Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, and Transgenders Speak Out About the Same-Sex Bill

In January 2006, the Nigerian Minister for Justice presented to the Nigerian Federal Council a bill that would create criminal penalties for anyone engaging in same-sex marriages and relationships and which launches a vigorous attack on freedom of expression, assembly, and association in Africa’s most populous nation. Article 7 of the proposed Bill goes well beyond any intention to prevent same-sex marriages. If this Bill becomes law, anyone who publicly advocates for the rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and people of transgender status (LGBT) would be a criminal. Anyone forming or taking part in a gay or lesbian club or support group would face arrest. Critical HIV preventions efforts that target same-sex practicing men would be jeopardized as a result of the silencing effect of this legislation.
Consensual homosexual acts between adults are already illegal in Nigeria. Chapter 42, Section 214 of the Nigerian Federal Code penalizes consensual same-sex acts by 14 years imprisonment and in the Shari’a states the punishment for “sodomy” can be death. Meanwhille, there’s been virtually no public advocacy for same-sex marriage in Nigeria. Why then, is the Nigerian government considering this legislation at this time?

(PDF - 1,124 KB) Document Date: 1 Nov 2006
  Family values, hate speech and the right to be gay in Nigeria-Cary Alan Johnson and Fadzai Muparutsa
Nigeria, which has ambitions for international and African leadership, is currently debating a Bill that if passed will lead to a crackdown on gay rights. Cary Alan Johnson and Fadzai Muparutsa says the governments is crushing a minority to make points with conservatives.

The National Assembly of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, is debating a bill that makes same-sex marriage as well as any form of protest for gay rights punishable by five years in prison. Make no mistake - the Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act is not about gay marriage, which is essentially a non-issue in Nigeria. The intent of the proposed law is to further vilify and stigmatize an increasingly vocal minority.

(PDF - 83 KB) Document Date: 18 May 2006
  HIV & AIDS In Nigeria-AVERT-05/17/06
Why is Nigeria important?

Nigeria has the biggest population in Africa with 1 in 6 Africans being Nigerian. Although HIV prevalence rates are much lower in Nigeria than in other African countries such as South Africa and Zambia, the size of Nigeria's population meant that by the end of 203, there were an estimated 3,600,000 people living with HIV/AIDS. This is the largest number in the world after South Africa and India.

(PDF - 369 KB) Document Date: 17 May 2006
  Nigeria: African Diaspora Organization Speaks Out-IGLHRC-5/15/06
Criminalizing Homosexuality the Nigerian Way. Nigeria is about to sex itself apart, yet again, in one of the most sweeping anti-gay laws in the world. While the pending civil law proposes a lighter sentence than the criminal law, its legal reach is breathtaking. Interestingly, homosexuality is already criminalized in Nigeria. Depending on whether the accused is Christian or Muslim, the penalty is either 14 years imprisonment or death by stoning. So, with such legal deterrents already in place, what is the purpose of the new Same-Sex Bill? Have the numbers of gays and lesbians seeking to marry or procure civil unions in Nigeria become so significant as to warrant a specific prohibition? In fact, the bill is about much more than protection the sanctity of marriage. The full title of the pending law is A BILL FOR AN ACT TO MAKE PROVISIONS FOR THE PROHIBITION OF SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONS OF THE SAME SEX, CELEBRATION OF MARRIAGE BY THEM AND FOR OTHER MATTERS CONNECTED THEREWITH.
(PDF - 121 KB) Document Date: 15 May 2006
  Nigeria: Protecting HIV/AIDS Positive Females Against Stigma, Discrimination-Daily Champion (Lagos) - 05/12/06
How can women living with HIV/AIDS be protected from stigmatisation and discrimination? CHINWE MADUAGWU writes that this was the burning issue of a one-day sensitastion seminar recently organised by Ajegunle Community project, a greas roots non-governmental organisation.

THAT HIV/AIDS is here and causing devastating and debilitating havoc globally is no longer news. It is also no longer news that the epidemic is ravaging the female population more than the men.

(PDF - 161 KB) Document Date: 12 May 2006
  Euro MP's denounce Nigeria -Rex Wockner International News # 626 4/24/06
More than 60 members of the European Parliament representing all major parties called on Nigeria's government April 19 to withdraw legislation that will criminalize gay relationships and same-sex marriage, and ban gay organizations and activism.
(PDF - 32 KB) Document Date: 24 Apr 2006
  Nigerian Humanists Fight for Survival of Country's Gay Community-Africanvail.org 4/24/06
A leading Nigerian Humanist is courageously standing up for the country's gay community in the face of his government's vicious attack on gay rights. With the blessing of the Nigerian Anglican Church and its leader, Archbishop Peter Akinola, the government of Nigeria has tabled in parliament one of the world's most comprehensive and repressive anti-gay laws. The President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, has declared that homosexual practice "is clearly un-Bibilical, unnatural and definitely un-African."
(PDF - 152 KB) Document Date: 24 Apr 2006
  Nigerian Gay Bill Update- Black Looks
The Nigerian homosexuality bill, the "Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act, 2006" which was presented to the House on the 31st March has now had its first reading in the Senate. A report in the Nigerian Vanguard  states that the Bill has been widened to include "punish individuals who witness,  celebrate with or support couples involved in homosexual relationships".  Any persons breaking the law will be subjected to a compulsory  term of 5 years imprisonment. Registration of Gay Clubs, Societies and organisations by whatever name they are called in institutions from secondary to the tertiary  level or other institutions in particular and, in Nigeria generally, by government agencies is hereby prohibited.  Publicity, procession and public show of same sex  amorous relationship through the electronic or print media physically, directly, indirectly or otherwise are prohibited in Nigeria.
(PDF - 259 KB) Document Date: 14 Apr 2006
  Nigeria Toughens Criminalization of Gay Marriage Bill-365Gay.Com-4/13/06
A proposed law that would impose a prison sentence on same-sex couples who marry has been toughened by the Nigerian Senate to include anyone who attends a gay wedding or is a member of any LGBT organization. The marriage ban was proposed by President Olusegun Obasanjo and is likely to pass easily, received first reading in the Senate this week.
(PDF - 287 KB) Document Date: 13 Apr 2006
  Sodomy Laws-Nigeria-Statute:Chapter 42, Section 214/Sharia Law-04/13/06
Chapter 42 of the criminal code, section 214, states that any person who "has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature" or "permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature is guilty of a felony and is liable to imprisonment for fourteen years." Introduction of Islamic Sharia law in some northern states has lead to death by stoning. (PDF - 86 KB) Document Date: 13 Apr 2006
(PDF - 86 KB) Document Date: 13 Apr 2006
  Nigeria: Obasanjo proffers stringent measures against gay marriages-Vanguard Online-4/12/06P
President Olusegun Obasanjo's stringent proposal proscribing homosexual marriage in the country has been widened to punish individuals who witness, celebrate with or support couples involved in homosexual relationships.
(PDF - 98 KB) Document Date: 12 Apr 2006
  Nigeria: New Bill Puts Human Rights Defenders of Sexual Rights at Risk 4/7/06
Nigeria: New Bill Puts Human Rights Defenders of Sexual Rights at Risk: World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) 4/7/06 The OMCT and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH, in the framework of their joint programme, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, express their deep concern over a Bill that would introduce criminal penalties for public advocacy or associations supporting the rights of lesbian and gay people, as well as for relationships and marriage ceremonies between persons of the same sex.
(PDF - 202 KB) Document Date: 7 Apr 2006
  Gay rights in Nigeria-Wikipedia-3/27/06
Laws against gay sex; Protection based on sexual orientation; Recognition of same-sex couples; LGBT life in Nigeria; 5 Footnotes.
(PDF - 77 KB) Document Date: 27 Mar 2006
  Rights groups cirticize Nigeria-3/27/06
International News #622 March 27, 2006 by Rex Wockner

Sixteen human-rights groups wrote to Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo on March 23 demanding he withdraw legislation that will criminalize gay relationships and same-sex marriage, and ban gay organizations and activism.

(PDF - 64 KB) Document Date: 27 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: Anti-gay bill could hinder AIDS interventions- IRIN 03/24/06
(This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 24 March (PLUSNEWS) - Proposed legislation to criminalise same-sex relationships in Nigeria could hamper anti-AIDS efforts, rights groups said on Thursday.

A joint statement by 16 local and international NGOs said the bill would not only have "destructive consequences" for Nigeria's struggle against AIDS, but also contravened international law and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, which upheld freedom of expression, association and assembly.

(PDF - 50 KB) Document Date: 24 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: Anti-gay bill could hinder AIDS interventions-UN Integrated Regional Information networks-03/24/06
(This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations)

JOHANNESBURG, 24 March (PLUSNEWS) - Proposed legislation to criminalise same-sex relationships in Nigeria could hamper anti-AIDS efforts, rights groups said on Thursday.

A joint statement by 16 local an international NGOs said the bill would not only have "destructive consequences" for Nigeria's struggle against AIDS, but also contravened international law and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, which upheld freedom of expression, association and assembly.

(PDF - 50 KB) Document Date: 24 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: Obasanjo Must Withdraw Bill to Criminalize Gay Rights-Human Rights Watch-3/23/06
As Nigerian President Olsuegun Obasnjo prepares t visit the United States, he should reaffirm his commitment to the human rights of all Nigerians and withdraw proposed legislation to introduce criminal penalties for same-sex relationships and marriage ceremonies, as well as for public advocacy or associations supporting the rights of lesbian and gay people.
(PDF - 196 KB) Document Date: 23 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: Letter to President Obasanjo Regarding Bill to Criminalize Gay Rights- HRW 3/22/06
Dear President Obasanjo,
As human rights organizations based in Nigeria, on the African continent, and internationally, we write with deep concern over a proposed bill that would introduce criminal penalties for relationships and marriage ceremonies between persons of the same sex as well as for public advocacy or associations supporting the rights of lesbian and gay people. The legislation proposed by Minister of Justice Bayo Ojo not only contravenes internationally recognized protections against discrimination, as well as the basic rights to freedom of expression, conscience, association, and assembly, but also undermines Nigeriaâ??s struggle to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS.

(PDF - 112 KB) Document Date: 22 Mar 2006
  Nigeria sets up therapy centres for HIV/AIDS patients- www.aegis.com- Agence France-Presse - 03/09/06
LAGOS, March 9, 2006 (AFP) - Nigeria has set up 74 centres to give HIV/AIDS antiretroviral therapy treatment across Africa's most populous country, the health ministry said Thursday.

The centres are located in Nigeria's Federal Capital Territory Abuja and 35 of Nigeria's 36 states, with the last to be covered before the middle of the year, said the statement by Health Minister Eyitayo Lambo.

(PDF - 49 KB) Document Date: 9 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: IGLHRC Pleased with Progress in State Dept. Human Rights Report 03/08/06
IGLHRC Pleased With Progress In State Department Human Rights Report Documenting Violations Against Gays & Lesbians: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) finds that the U.S. State Department's annual report on human rights released today has more fully documented violations against lesbian,gay,bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and people with HIV/AIDS than in previous years.
(PDF - 232 KB) Document Date: 8 Mar 2006
  Nigeria: Striking at Basic Expression By Doug Ireland 2/22/07
Homosexual conduct among consenting adults in Nigeria is already a crime punishable by 14 years in prison, a 19th century penal provision that is a legacy of British colonial rule. But the new legislation goes much, much further in terms of curbing fundamental rights of expression, association, and communication. Among the proposed new law's many noxious provisions, it would, under penalty of a stiff prison term of five years:
- outlaw membership in a gay group, attending a gay meeting or protest, donating money to a gay organization, or even advocating gay equality in any way, shape, or form; - outlaw hosting or even visiting a gay Web site; - outlaw expressions of same-sex love in letters or e-mails; - outlaw attending a same-sex marriage or blessing ceremony, screening or watching a gay movie, taking or possessing photos of a gay couple, and publishing, selling, or loaning a gay book or video.
Even mere socializing by two or more gay people, like having dinner together, is likely to be interpreted as illegal.
Gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals would be targeted not only for specific acts but also for simply existing under this proposed law, and even heterosexual people who "promote" the lifestyle of homosexuals, for example by selling them a house, would be criminalized.
"It's critical that the Nigerian government understand that this is not an issue of liberalism or Western cultural encroachment, but that this new law violates the most basic of freedoms," Cary Alan Johnson, senior specialist for Africa at the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) told Gay City News.

(PDF - 286 KB) Document Date: 22 Feb 2006
  Nigerian Legislation Threatens to Limit Rights of Sexual Minorities 2/1/06
The United States is concerned by reports of legislation in Nigeria that would restrict or prohibit citizens from assembling, organizing, holding events or rallies, and participating in ceremonies of religious union, based upon sexual orientation and gender identity. The proposed legislation has not been adopted.
(PDF - 18 KB) Document Date: 1 Feb 2006
  Join U.S. Nigerian HIV/AIDS program for Nigerian Military Personnel To Open Liaison Office- Kaiserhetwork.org 01/31/06
Nigerian Defense Minister Rowland Oritsejafor in a statement released on Thursday announced the creation of a new liaison office in the capital Abuja for a joint program with the U.S. Department of Defense to fight HIV/AIDS among the country's military personnel, Xinhuanet reports (Xinhuanet, 1/28). The joint initiative already has trained Nigerian doctors, nurses, researchers and counselors to operate HIV/AIDS programs at the Mogadishu Barracks in Abuja, the Army Referral Hospital in Kaduna, the Nigerian Air Force Hospital in Ikeja and the Naval Hospital in Ojo.
(PDF - 35 KB) Document Date: 31 Jan 2006
  Joint U.S., Nigerian HIV/AIDS Program for Nigerian Military Personnel to Open Lisison Office-kaisernetwork.org-01/31/06
Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report

Nigerian Defense Minister Rowland Oritsejafor in a statement released on Thursday announced the creation of a new liaison office in the capital Abuja for a joint program with the U.S. Department of Defense to fight HIV/AIDS among the country's military personnel, Xinhuanet reports (Xinhuanet, 128). The joint initiative already has trained Nigerian doctors, nurses, researchers and counselors to operate HIV/AIDS programs at the Mogadishu Barracks in Abuja, the Army Referral Hospital in Kaduna, the NIgerian Air Force Hospital in Ikeja and the Naval Hospital in Ojo. Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo last month announced the country would initially contirbute approximately $188,000 toward the initiative (Angola Press, 1/29). The liaison office will include new technology to coordinate the program, which serves military personnel and others living on military bases, Oritsejafor said (Nigeria First, 1/27). He added that many HIV-positive officers in the military have not sought treatment because of the stigma attached to the virus,, Nigeria's This Day reports (Agha, This Day, 1/27). According to the Angola Press, about 3.5 million HIV-positive people live in Nigeria, but there are not statistics on HIV prevalence in the country's military (Angola Press, 1/29).

(PDF - 35 KB) Document Date: 31 Jan 2006
  Nigerian laws that have banned same-sex marriages-1/22/06
The Nigerian government last week announced laws that will ban same-sex marriages and dictate five-year sentences for anyone who has a gay wedding or officiates at one. Frank Nweke, Nigeria's minister of Information and national Orientation, said gay unions go against the Bible and the Koran.
(PDF - 140 KB) Document Date: 22 Jan 2006
  Nigeria: FG Outlaws same sex marriages-Lucky Nwankwere,Abuja-1/19/06
In its bid to checkmate the gradual incursion of homosexualism, with concomitant gay marriages and lesbianism, the Federal Government Wednesday, outlawed marriages or any form of relationship between people of the same sex.
(PDF - 57 KB) Document Date: 19 Jan 2006
  Amazing Nigerian gays and lesbians hold extraordinary meeting- onlinenigeria.com- 01/12/06
The group recently held its first Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Nigeria, under the auspices of Changing Attitude Nigeria (CAN), an affirmation of guys and lesbians in the Anglican Communion CAN. It is headed by Mr. Davies Mac-Iyalla.
(PDF - 122 KB) Document Date: 12 Jan 2006
  NIGERIA: Free anti-AIDS medication available in January-UN Integrated Regional Information Networks-01/03/06
(This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations)

JOHANNESBURG, 3 January (PLUSNEWS) - Nigeria is to start dispensing free antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to people living with HIV/AIDS in January, 2006, the government announced last week.

With about 3.5 million HIV-positive people, Nigeria has the world's third-highest HIV/AIDS caseload after India and South Africa.
,br> Free distribution of the medication was a "Christmas present" to those living with the virus, the health ministry said in a statement.

(PDF - 49 KB) Document Date: 3 Jan 2006
  NIgeria: Same Sex Marriage Act 2006- 1/1/06
Prohibition of same sex marriage, Gay clubs and societies
(PDF - 94 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2006
  Anglican Church disowns Nigerian gay-activist -Vanguard 12/31/05
The Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) has in Abuja disowned Davis Maclyalla, a self confessed gay-activist. The church insisted in a statement issued yesterday in Abuja that Mac-Iyalla ceased to be a member of the communion since 2003.
(PDF - 89 KB) Document Date: 31 Dec 2005
  Nigeria: Everybody must rise up against it-Reve. (Mrs.) George-Vanguard Online-12/04/05
The president of Strong Tower Mission, Rev. (Mrs.) Dele George also expressed shock at the news of homosexuals and lesbians in Nigeria, saying that everybody should be worried about such a development. Speaking in an interview at the Palmgrove office of Little Saints Orphanages said: "the bible is vry clear about such development and we cannot compromise the Word of God, or nullify the Word of God."
(PDF - 100 KB) Document Date: 24 Dec 2005
  Nigerian Sodomy Suspects Freed-Sunday Times-12/22/05
A Nigerian Islamic court has acquitted two men who had been accused of homosexuality, lifting the threat that they be stoned to death. The Judge told the court that the prosecution had not brought enough evidence to convict the pair on a capital charge and freed them after six months in jail.
(PDF - 51 KB) Document Date: 22 Dec 2005
  Nigerian Anglicans Seeing Gay Challenge to Orthodoxy-New York Times-12/20/05
At one end of town on a fall Saturday morning, in a soaring cathedral nestled in a tidy suburb, dozens of Nigeria's most powerful citizens gathered, their Mercedes, Porsche and Range Rover sport utility vehicles gleaming in a packed parking lot. The well-heeled crowd was there to celebrate the Eucharist with the leader of Nigeria's Anglican Church, Archbishop Peter J. Akinola.
(PDF - 103 KB) Document Date: 20 Dec 2005
  Nigerian sodomy suspects freed - Rex Wockner International News #608 - 12/19/05
Two Nigerian men charged with having sex were acquitted by an Islamic court in Katsina, Nigeria.
(PDF - 16 KB) Document Date: 19 Dec 2005
  Nigeria: Gays Call on Govts. Not to Ignore Them-UN Integrated Regional Information Networks-12/8/05
Gay activists at an international conference on AIDS in Africa have called on governments to acknowledge the existence and specific needs of the gay community in the fight against HIV/AIDS. "According to all the surveys done on the African continent, AIDS programmes for MSM (men who have sex with men) are inadequate or even non-existent" said a representative of Alliance Rights Nigeria (ARN), a Nigerian gay rights organisation.
(PDF - 103 KB) Document Date: 8 Dec 2005
  We are set to take Nigeria by storm, says leader of the gay and lesbian movement-12/05/05
Interview by Ismail Omipidan of the Nigerian Daily Sun with Mr. Davies Mac-Halla, Director, Changing Attitude Nigeria (CAN).
(PDF - 298 KB) Document Date: 5 Dec 2005
  Amazing Nigerian gays and lesbians hold extraordinary meeting12/5/05
Gays and lesbians have vowed to establish a firm foothold in the country, daring anyone to stop them if he can.
(PDF - 193 KB) Document Date: 5 Dec 2005
  Nigeria: Ignore them-Archbishop Ademowo 12/04/05
Anglican Archbishop of Province One and the bishop of Lagos dismissed the Changing Attitude Nigeria, CAN, a group of homosexuals and lesbians saying that they are a group of individuals seeking relevance.
(PDF - 71 KB) Document Date: 4 Dec 2005
  Nigeria Has 2,000 Registered Homosexuals- Daily Champion [Lagos] 11/27/05
Nigeria has more than 2,000 registered men who have sex with men (MSM), National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA) chairman, Babatunde Osotimehin has said.
(PDF - 88 KB) Document Date: 27 Nov 2005
  Nigeria: RESPONSES TO INFORMATION REQUESTS (RIRs)-NGA100486.E-Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa 9/2/05
The following information was obtained from a clergyman within the Metropolitan Community Church Lagos, who is also gay (17 Aug. 2005).

Sharia Law is not legally practised in the Southern part of Nigeria, [and] the implications for homosexuals who escape the [draconian] ruling of Sharia law, usually or may well fall in to the brutality of the police force. In the south as with most other parts of Nigeria, the evidence mostly relied upon are insecure and unsafe to convict, such as a report of sexual activity between two males which sometimes can be fuelled following disagreement of any kind, sometimes gay people can also be malicious through blackmailing or revenge.

(PDF - 128 KB) Document Date: 2 Sep 2005
  Nigeria Delays Capital Trial of Gay Men-Gay City News-9/1/05
Two men on trial for having sex in a toilet in Nigeria had their case adjourned until September 8 when the complaining cops didn't show up. They face death by stoning if convicted under Sharia law, which claims as its basis the Islamic Koran. The case has attracted international protests, including from members of the U.S. Congress led by gay Congressman Barney Frank, Democrat of Massachusetts.
(PDF - 25 KB) Document Date: 1 Sep 2005
  Nigerian Islamic court adjourns trial of alleged homosexuals [AFP] 8/24/05
KATSINA - A Nigerian Islamic court has adjourned the trial of two alleged homosexuals who face the death penalty after prosecutors failed for a second time to present their witnesses.

The defendants, 40-year-old Yusuf Kabir and 18-year-old Usman Sani, will remain in custody after failing to meet a bail condition imposed at their last hearing that they find two citizens to act as their guarantors

(PDF - 63 KB) Document Date: 24 Aug 2005
  Nigeria Slammed over gay stoning- Andrew Moyea
A coalition of US congressional leaders on international and human rights issues sent a letter to Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo this week, voicing strong concern over the recent case of a Nigerian man sentenced to death by stoning for sodomy.

Lawmakers across the pond have recessed for the month, but the members pulled together to draft the strongly worded letter before they left Washington.

(PDF - 239 KB) Document Date: 8 Aug 2005
  Globe and Mail Examines Challenges To Providing Treatment for HIV-Positive Patients in Nigeria
Although Nigeria "should be at the forefront" of Africa's fight against HIV/AIDS, many people living with the disease in the country say it is "failing miserably in its response" to the epidemic, Toronto's Globe and Mail reports. Nigeria has amassed "billions" of dollars in oil revenue and receives "broad" international funding from donors, such as the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the Global Fund To Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

(PDF - 58 KB) Document Date: 8 Aug 2005
  Nigeria: 22 Members of Congress Protest Sodomy Death Sentence in Nigeria - by Rex Wockner on 08/01/05
A group of federal lawmakers who are leaders on international and human rights issues today wrote to Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo to voice strong concern over the recent case of a Nigerian man sentenced to death by stoning for sodomy. The 50-year-old man was accused of having sex with another man, arrested and brought before a Shari'a or Islamic court. After being acquitted of the charge for lack of evidence, the man admitted to the judge, when asked, that he had had sex in the past with men. On that basis, he was convicted and is now on death row awaiting execution by stoning. The letter was signed by 22 House Democrats and states, in part, that the "specific circumstances of this conviction are highly problematic, and, in fact, we believe that the execution by stoning or by any other means of any individual for private, adult, consensual sexual activity is grossly inhumane and well below the standards that any civilized society should uphold."
(PDF - 27 KB) Document Date: 1 Aug 2005
  Gay Nigerian men face being stoned to death- www.mg.co.za/ 07/13/05
Two Nigerian men appeared in court on Wednesday charged with committing sodomy and could now face being stoned to death after they were caught together in a toilet in this northern Muslim city.
(PDF - 57 KB) Document Date: 13 Jul 2005
  Nigerian Man Sentenced to Stoning for Gay Sex-Reuters-7/9/05
A United Nations human rights expert has raised the alarm over the case of a man in northern Nigeria who has been sentenced to death by stoning after admitting to homosexual sex. the UN special rapporteur on arbitrary executions, Philip alston, has called for an imemdiate review of the entire process that led the man's death sentence under Islamic Sharia law.
(PDF - 26 KB) Document Date: 9 Jul 2005
  [Nigeria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Eygpt] Gays in the Islamic World - CATO Institute - 6/28/05
Ogudu Emmanuel and Odjegba Tevin admitted that they were male lovers after their neighbors reported them to Nigerian cops. They were arrested January 15 and charged with "crimes against nature." The pair apparently escaped from jail while awaiting trial and potential 14-year prison sentences. Gay rights activists worried that cops or other inmates may have killed them in custody.
(PDF - 123 KB) Document Date: 28 Jun 2005
  Arrested Nigerian gays disappear in custody - Queer Day- 2/18/05
The Nigerian government Thursday launched an inquiry into the disappearance from police custody of two gay men charged under the country's "crimes against nature" law. The men, Ogudu Emmanuel and Odjegba Tevin, were taken to the Rumukoro Police Station in January after acknowledging that they were partners. The men disappeared from the jail.
(PDF - 123 KB) Document Date: 18 Feb 2005
  Nigeria: RESPONSES TO INFORMATION REQUESTS (RIRs)-NGA43276.E- Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa 2/15/05
Enforcement of Laws and State Protection

Two sources reported that a sharia court in Keffi, Nasarawa State, had issued a bench warrant against Mr. Michael Ifediora Nwokoma for allegedly engaging in homosexual relations with Mallam Abdullahi Ibrahim (Vanguard 28 Nov. 2004; 365Gay.com 20 Nov. 2004). Nwokoma had reportedly escaped arrest, but Ibrahim was detained by authorities (Vanguard 28 Nov. 2004). According to media reports, neighbours accused the two men of "homosexualism," a crime punishable by stoning under sharia, and handed Ibrahim to the authorities who nearly "lynched" him while trying to force a confession (ibid.; 365Gay.com 20 Nov. 2004). The court ruled that since the two must be tried together Ibrahim must remain in jail until Nwokomah is arrested (ibid.).

(PDF - 175 KB) Document Date: 15 Feb 2005
  Nigeria transvestite handed fine - Story from BBC NEWS - 02/15/05
A Nigerian Islamic court has sentenced a man to six months in prison and fined him $38 for living as a woman for seven years in the northern city of Kano.
(PDF - 160 KB) Document Date: 15 Feb 2005
  Nigeria: Gays, lesbians unveil selves - Vanguard- Emmanuel Ulahi 12/04/05
Gays and lesbians came out publicly to hold an AGM - gays claim they are members of the Anglican Church and criticized the church for discriminating against them.
(PDF - 182 KB) Document Date: 4 Jan 2005
  Barney Frank complains to Nigeria-Rex Wockner International News #630-5/22/06
Gay U.S. Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., has written to Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo objecting to pending legislation that would, Frank said, "criminalize same-sex relationships and weddings, punish those who witness, aid or abet a same-sex marriage, and outlaw any clubs, organizations or meetings -- as well as any form of protest -- that support or advocate for the rights of lesbian and gay people.
(PDF - 23 KB) Document Date: 1 Jan 2005
  Nigeria: Homosexual refugee wins asylum in the United States- www.workpermit.com- 12/07/04
Earlier this year the Nigerian's asylum request was rejected in large part because he was unable to present documentary evidence corroborating his claim. But his attorney helped him obtain his slain partner's death certificate, and a key witness stepped forward to testify on his behalf. A new hearing was scheduled pending new evidence and after a review the court ruled the Nigerian's life would be at risk if he would return to his home country.
(PDF - 101 KB) Document Date: 7 Dec 2004
  Gay Nigerian Detained 11 Months Wins US Asylum-265Gay.com-12/06/04
A Nigerian gay man who fled to the US from his homeland after a angry mob murdered his partner has been granted asylum after being detained 11 months by immigration. The man, whose name is being withheld, feared that his own life was in jeopardy. Homosexuality is illegal in Nigeria, and his partner was killed after it was discovered the two men had been in a relationship.
(PDF - 51 KB) Document Date: 6 Dec 2004
  Nigeria: Fears of Stoning and Violence, as Sharia Court Issues Warrant for Gay Man 11/29/04
Gay.com U.K.,11/29/04 A Sharia court in Nigeria has issued an arrest warrant for a man, who, if caught, could face stoning to death for having a gay relationship.
(PDF - 38 KB) Document Date: 29 Nov 2004
  Nigeria: Man Faces Death by Stoning for Gay Sex-365 Gay.com-11/29/04
An Islamic court has issued an arrest warrant for a middle-aged man accused of having gay sex. If caught and convicted the Sharia court in Kefli could sentence him to death by stoning.
(PDF - 30 KB) Document Date: 29 Nov 2004
  Nigeria: Situation of homosexuals and their treatment under sharia law-Canada IRB-7/14/2004
This update of NGA39008.E of 17 June, 2002 on the treatment of homosexual men in Nigeria, reveals that male homosexuality remains a criminal offence and that attitudes towards homosexuality persist.
(PDF - 317 KB) Document Date: 14 Jul 2004
  Nigeria: Another Sentence to Death by Stoning Under New Sharia Penal Law Quashed on Appeal-3/25/04
Amnesty International, March 25, 2005 Amnesty International welcomes the recent decision by the Upper Sharia Court of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria to quash Jubrin Babajii's sentence of death by stoning for "sodomy."
(PDF - 49 KB) Document Date: 25 Mar 2004
  South Africa/Nigeria: Pink Refugees-By Adam Levin, Planet Syndication- Rainbow Network - 5/7/03
Just how well founded this claim is, however, is a matter for the adjudicators at South Africa's Department of Home Affairs. As a signatory of a 1951 United Nations Convention on Refugees, South Africa is obliged to grant refugee status to asylum seekers who have been victims of systematic persecution in their home countries. Not only must they offer proof of this persecution; they must show the inability or unwillingness of their governments to offer them protection.
(PDF - 91 KB) Document Date: 7 May 2003
  South Africa/Nigeria: Pink Refugees-Rainbow Network By Adam Levin Planet Syndication 5/7/03
First up, Anita is not a woman, but a young Nigerian man called Azubike Udogo, known to his friends as Azu. Azu is currently in the process of applying for refugee status in South Africa on the grounds of his sexual orientation. "I can?t go back to Nigeria," he fumes over a glass of Lemon Twist in his Troyeville apartment. "I'll go somewhere else if I have to. Anywhere. If I go back to Nigeria they'll kill me or they'll throw me in jail and that's it."

While asylum seekers await judgement, which can take anything up to six years, they live half-lives without ID books or access to bank accounts. Although they are entitled to work, the asylum seeker?s permit must be renewed every three months. Given the transience of this legal status, it is extremely difficult to secure employment or even a lease. But luckily, Azu is a fighter. He has a day job in the call centre of a Randburg attorney?s office, while at night Anita fills the breadbasket. Azu studies French, performs, socialises. Yet, having first presented his case in June 2000, he is, understandably, feeling rather frustrated at this stage.

Even in Lagos, Nigerian society is a long way from liberated when it comes to gay rights. While historically it was customary for powerful Hausa men to share their wealth with young male lovers as well as their female harems, in Post-Colonial Nigeria it is almost impossible to be an out homosexual. According to the affidavit of Adolph Mabunda, a young, gay Nigerian in Johannesburg, ?I am regarded as a public disgrace [in Lagos]. At University, I was often insulted by being called derogatory names like [H]?Omo Detergent?. I was rejected and excluded from the mainstream... I am an enemy to my family because they say I have brought shame on them?.

(PDF - 93 KB) Document Date: 7 May 2003
  Nigeria: Stoning as a Form of Punishment under Sharia Law-ISHR Germany- 3/01/03
The incidences of two death by stoning sentences in two states of Nigeria in 2001 and 2002 internationally highlighted the practice of stoning under sharia law. Between 2000 and 2002, 12 Northern Nigerian states introduced sharia principles in their penal legislation, although many provisions are in conflict with the Nigerian federal constitution.
(PDF - 277 KB) Document Date: 1 Mar 2003
  Nigeria: Canadian RIB- Current Treatment of homosexual men -6/17/02
NGA39088.E 17 June 2002
Nigeria: Current treatment of homosexual men
Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Ottawa
According to the United Kingdom's Immigration and Nationality Directorate (IND), "[m]ale homosexual conduct is prohibited by Nigerian law" (Apr. 2002). A report by Radio Netherlands further states that "Nigeria, like many former British colonies, has laws dating back to the Victorian era that make sodomy punishable by up to 14 years in prison. While these laws are rarely applied, they contribute to the climate of intolerance towards homosexuals" (11 Jan. 2002).
After conducting a survey of 280 Nigerians, Cesnabmihilo Dorothy Aken 'Ova, the executive director of the International Centre for Reproductive Health and Sexual Rights (INCRESE), found that while all respondents knew what the word "homosexuality" meant,

(PDF - 148 KB) Document Date: 17 Jun 2002
  Gay Nigerian Sentenced to Death by Stoning-Sodomy Laws-Datalounge-10/1/01
A gay man in Nigeria has been sentenced to death by stoning after it was alleged he had sex sith an underage male, the English-language Guardian newspaper reports.
(PDF - 34 KB) Document Date: 1 Oct 2001
  2009 Human Rights Reports: Nigeria- Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices March 11, 2010: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/af/135970.htm
No action was taken against persons who in 2008 stoned and beat members of the House of Rainbow Metropolitan Community Church, an LGBT-friendly church in Lagos. The attacks occurred after four newspapers published photographs, names, and addresses of church members.

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